Recommended Calorie Intake for Women

These days, everyone of us has become calorie conscious. Calories are considered as strong foes during a weight loss program. Food packets indicate the number of calories contributed by each of the ingredients. However, we should keep in mind that calories are not bad, but what is bad is the amount of calories that we consume.

Recommended Daily Calorie Intake for Women

The amount of calories to be consumed depends on a number of factors, which include physical activity, age, height, weight, gender, genes, etc. Hence, we can say that daily calorie requirement varies from person to person. However, the calorie intake for women can be calculated based on two factors: physical activity and basal metabolism rate (BMR). Keeping a count on the calories consumed can be quite frustrating for all those girls and women trying to lose their weight. On an average, the recommended calories per day for women is 2000 calories.

Formula to Calculate Recommended Calories for Women

A number of researches and studies have been conducted to find out the exact amount of calories that are required by a woman’s body. Harris-Benedict formula is one of the popular methods to calculate daily calorie requirements. The formula calculates your daily calorie intake depending on your BMR and the physical activities or exercise that you perform. BMR is nothing but the speed of resting metabolism in your body, i.e. the amount of calories you require to run the body functions when at rest. The physical activities can be divided into four categories, they are: sedentary, lightly active, moderately active, and very active. The formula to calculate BMR for women is given below:

BMR = 655 + (4.35 x weight in pounds) + (4.7 x height in inches) – (4.7 x age in years)
OR
BMR = 655 + (9.6 x weight in kilos) + (1.8 x height in centimeters) – (4.7 x age in years)

Once BMR is calculated, the next step is to multiply a factor that is associated with the physical activity level. Use the chart given below for the multiplying factor.

Physical Activity Level Multiplying Factor
Sedentary – Less or no exercise, Desk job 1.2
Lightly active – Light exercise, 1-3 times a week 1.375
Moderately Active – Moderate exercise, 3-5 times a week 1.55
Very Active – Hard exercise, 6-7 times a week 1.725

So, if your BMR is 1800 and physical activity level is sedentary, then daily calories needed are, BMR x 1.2 = 2160. Besides knowing the normal calorie intake for females, it is also necessary to know the amount of calories that carbohydrates, proteins, and fats should contribute. A balanced diet should consist of 50-60% carbohydrates, 20-30% proteins, and 20-30% fats contributing together, to the daily calories for women.

Knowing the daily calorie requirements for women can help you to either gain or lose weight. If you are trying to gain weight, then you must consume more amount of calories than required. While if you are trying to lose weight, then you must be eating less calories than required. Thus, respective changes in daily calorie intake should be made. One should keep in mind that eating just the required amount of calories is not enough, rather the sources of these calories should be healthy so that all the nutritional requirements of the body are fulfilled.

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Slowing the Aging Process with Natural Supplements

Alternative Health Research

For the most part, fans of alternative medicine, including natural health supplements, still have to take it on faith and theory that supplements have any significant long-term effects. Although empirical research in this area is growing, the body of available research is still limited and highly variable in quality. One group of studies that sets a precedent for research in this area was conducted at UC Berkeley in 2002. Bruce Ames’ research team set out to examine the effects of acetyl-L-carnitine, an amino acid, when used in conjunction with alpha-lipoic acid, an antioxidant. Of course, the test subjects were rats.

Reversing Aging in Old Rats

One of the studies, the results of which were published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, was conducted by comparing the behavior and physiology of two groups of older rats. One group of rats, the control group, was fed a normal diet without supplements. The second group was fed a diet that was enhanced by the two supplements. The results indicated that the rats who had acetyl-L-carnitine and alpha-lipoic acid in their diets had better memories and more energy than the control group rats. The other studies had similar results, and the researchers concluded that the combination of these supplements was to some degree reversing the aging process in the old rats.

Mitochondria and Aging

According to the researchers, the reason this combination of supplements works so well has to do with damage to cell mitochondria. Mitochondria are organelles that exist in every cell in our bodies. As we age, our mitochondria become oxidized, which damages their ability to function. Cellular metabolism, or the process that gives us energy at the cellular level, slows down and decreases as we age because our mitochondria don’t work as well they once did.

The effect of acetyl-L-carnitine is to help mitochondria work better. However, researchers have observed that cells can still be damaged by oxidization even acetyl-L-carnitine is present. That’s why the UC Berkeley researchers decided to introduce alpha-lipoic acid. Antioxidants prevent free radicals from oxidizing cells, so less damage occurs.

Supplements Sold Separately

Before these studies were conducted, the University of California had patented the combination of alpha-lipoic acid and acetyl-L-carnitine. The lead researcher, Bruce Ames, even started a company to market the combination. However, since both of these compounds are naturally occurring, they can’t be patented individually. Individuals can use supplements of alpha-lipoic acid in conjunction with acetyl-L-carnitine supplements, and there is no need to purchase expensive proprietary blends. The rats in the famous UC Berkeley studies were given these supplements separately, so the combination of them into one product seems unnecessary.

It’s Worth a (Cautious) Try

The effects of these supplements on humans could be smaller than the effect on rats, and by no means have researchers discovered the cure for aging. However, the safety and easy availability of the two supplements in Dr. Ames’ studies mean that they may be worth a try, especially if it means easing the effects of aging and giving us a little more spring in our step.

Of course, individuals should always consult a doctor or nutritionist before trying any new supplement plan. Additionally, anyone interested in natural health and supplements is encouraged to read research reports themselves. Journalism and articles summarizing reports are useful, but understanding the factors that make research sound and trustworthy is a good idea and a useful skill for anyone with an interest in their own health.

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Wrinkles on Face

The onset of wrinkles on face is a warning sign of aging. However, formation of wrinkles can also be delayed and even avoided by following certain prescribed treatments. There is absolutely no need to go for a cosmetic surgery to avoid or reduce wrinkles as, numerous side effects are associated with surgical procedures. Here are some easy to follow in order to avoid and slow down the process of wrinkling.

Home Remedies

Follow a Healthy Diet
A healthy diet can go a long way in delaying the occurrence of wrinkles. Having a proper diet, rich in vitamins and proteins, is essential for a healthy skin. An unhealthy diet often leads to premature wrinkling. Drinking sufficient amount of water prevents drying of skin, which is considered to be the main cause of wrinkles. Water is one factor that can play a very important role to achieve a better skin. It is essential to drink 7-8 glasses of water everyday to maintain the elasticity of the skin. Adequate intake of water brings a charming glow to the skin. Water moisturizes the skin, thus helping to keep the wrinkles at bay.

Stay Away from Smoking
The habit of smoking can indeed have a negative impact on the skin. An easy way to prevent early formation of wrinkles, is to quit smoking. Smoking reduces the oxygen supply to the facial skin which may lead to wrinkling of the skin.

Reduce Exposure to the Sun
Over exposure to the sun makes the skin dry, thereby increasing the risk of premature wrinkling. Exposing the skin to the UV rays without wearing any kind of protection can damage the skin beyond repair. Sunglasses, hats, sunscreen lotions, are some of the products that provide maximum UV blocking and minimize skin exposure. One can also wash the face daily with creams that have nutrients beneficial to the skin.

Exercises
Weave exercises into your daily routine to avoid wrinkles on face. People who exercise daily have a healthy, glowing skin. Exercising for 20-30 minutes a day is adequate to keep the skin healthy for years to come. Higher stress levels has also been linked to formation of wrinkles. To get relief from stress, one can go for meditation or yoga.

Vitamin E Oil
Vitamin E oil is very effective to remove deep wrinkles on the face. A bottle of vitamin E oil available at various drugstores is inexpensive and when applied protects the skin from further damage. In fact, application of vitamin E oil can even prevent occurrence of wrinkles. Vitamin E oil is also protective against free radical damage of the skin. To smooth deep wrinkles, use of vitamin E oil is the best option. Put a small amount of this oil on deep wrinkles before going to bed. One can also extract this oil from vitamin E capsules and use it on the affected part of the skin.

Papaya
Papaya fruit that is full of antioxidants may also help to reduce the visibility of face wrinkles. An enzyme, papain present in papaya is found to be effective in correcting wrinkles. As we all know, elastin and collagen are the two proteins present in the skin tissues that provide tightness and flexibility to the skin. Loss of these proteins with age leads to the development of wrinkles. External application of pulp of papaya helps to regenerate this elastin to decrease the appearance of papaya. Papaya also has vitamin C, which plays a crucial role in the production of collagen. Take a ripe papaya, remove its pulp and then gently rub it on the facial area and let it remain for about 30 minutes. Follow this natural skin care routine daily and you will soon notice improvement in wrinkles. It is an easy home remedy to make the skin look younger and healthy.

Almond Oil
Use of almond oil is yet another way to combat wrinkle formation effectively. A facial massage with almond oil daily is a powerful remedy to diminish the appearance of wrinkles. Age-related skin problems such as dry, flaky skin can also be successfully treated with almond oil. The moisturizing properties of almond oil leaves the skin soft and supple. Its external application can definitely help to increase the firmness of the skin. Once applied, allow it to dry. Better option is to keep it overnight and then rinse it off in the morning. It is high in vitamin E and so using it regularly can improve firmness, decrease wrinkles and provide a charming glow to the skin.

Honey
Honey, known for its antibacterial activity is yet another way to make the wrinkles less noticeable. Honey acts as an excellent exfoliator and so its application works to remove the superficial layer of the skin. With honey, wrinkle formation that is confined to uppermost layer of the skin is corrected, whereas deep wrinkles that also affect the inner skin layers become less noticeable. However, for best results you need to use honey that is free from synthetic chemicals. Natural honey sold under different brands such as ‘Manuka Honey’ is often recommended to treat wrinkles. Massage your facial area with this natural honey and let it remain for approximately half an hour. Now, rinse the face with warm water. Follow this skin care routine for about a month and you will definitely notice skin becoming tighter and more elastic.

Anti Wrinkle Cream
There are a number of skin care products that claim to get rid of wrinkles but only a few live up to their expectations. Hence, choosing the right skin cream is very necessary to reduce wrinkles. Firstly, you need to check the product labels that gives a list of ingredients in it. Reports suggest that wrinkles that contain a good amount of Retinol and Tretinoin (vitamin A derivatives) are useful in minimizing the appearance of wrinkles.

Aloe Vera
Use of aloe vera dates back to early Egyptian civilization. Egyptian history refers aloe vera as the “plant of immortality”, which was extensively used for various skin conditions during that period. Aloe Vera has also been useful for the treatment of deep wrinkles. It promotes skin health and is a proven skin healer. It can also heal damaged skin caused due to exposure from harmful UV rays. Known for its anti-aging benefits, aloe vera gel is effective to make the skin free from wrinkles. As soon as the gel is applied, it is absorbed by the skin within no time.

Olive Oil
The high nutrient content of olive oil leaves the skin smoother than ever before. Today, olive oil is an active ingredient of various skin care products. Application of olive oil cleanses and moisturizes the skin. Daily use of olive oil changes the appearance of skin, making it wrinkle free. Extra-virgin oil is the least processed and more effective for removing wrinkles.

Certain lifestyle modifications, a healthy diet and use of natural treatments is the best and the most inexpensive solution to avoid as well as erase wrinkles on face. So, if you crave for that wrinkle free skin and want to keep youthful, healthy texture of your skin intact years down the line then make sure to incorporate the aforementioned ‘skin friendly’ tips to boost skin health.

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The scientific answers to 12 ultimate health and wellness questions

Here we look at the current wisdom behind 12 health and wellness questions

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1. Can sugar make us hyperactive?

No, research has disproved this in both adults and children.

2. Will cough syrup help my cough?

Unfortunately not. The active ingredients in the syrups, such as codeine and antihistamines, are too small to make a difference to adults and may even harm children.

3. Can olive oil help my heart?

Yes. Numerous studies have produced results showing that the Mediterranean diet, which is rich in olive oil, helps to prevent heart disease.

4. Is factor 30 sunscreen high enough?

Yes; however, the FDA says it is more important that the cream is broad spectrum, giving protection against UVA and UVB. FDA clearance is vital for these kinds of products, with expert third parties such as T P R G helping companies to bring such products to market through an FDA process called FDA 510k clearance submission.

5. Does monosodium glutamate (MSG) cause headaches?

There is no scientific proof that MSG causes any adverse symptoms or sensitivity.

6. Is fruit juice as healthy as fruit?

No – fruit contains fibre and a glass of juice generally does not.

7. Are all wholemeal breads better than white bread?

No – some are very refined. The healthiest bread is whole wheat.

8. Can hot tubs cause infections?

Yes, the nasty little cryptosporidium bug may be lurking and waiting to give you an upset stomach.

9. Do eggs give you high cholesterol?

It would appear not. Although they contain a lot of cholesterol, eggs don’t raise your blood cholesterol.

10. Can I overdose on water?

You can. Your kidneys can only process so much water and if some of the minerals that you need become too dilute, your sodium level drops and you get all kinds of problems.

11. Is red wine better for my health than white?

No, although it has to be said the wisdom on this keeps changing. Red wine has a little less sugar and a few more minerals than white.

12. Is tap water just as good as bottled water?

Yes, and water bottles are a major environmental problem.

For authoritative advice on health and wellness, consult the NHS website.

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How to Prevent Plagiarism

Boyle’s Law Examples in Real Life

Key Recommendations for Mac Cleanup

A quick , convenient and flowing work is a dream of all Mac users . However , every time you start working , you observe that changes are surely not turned for best. Assuming it is so , it is high time you perform a necessary Mac cleaning.

So now, we`ll advise you on what measures to perform to make your Mac fast and free from the odd junk. Check on seven best tips for Mac cleanup :

  1. Make it tidy outside .

Before you start working with Mac operation system , it would be well if you took a few minutes to make it tidy outside . Check the cables and make certain they are all used, get rid of the dust , and remove the spare Mac accessories. Despite being the small-scale changes, the indicated steps will increase your gemini 2 review comfort when operating your Mac .

  1. Clean Mac system and remove the trash.

Using the word trash, we speak about more than the one that gets stored inside the Trash section itself.

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There exist a lot of unnecessary files all over your Mac, and they are the major explanation of its slower operation . The essence of the files can be various: trash thrown by certain apps , junk left from apps and programs which have not been correctly deleted; broken downloads, etc.

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In fact, they all are not in use for the future and only make a heavy burden for your Mac OS . To make Mac free of them , you may try to detect the junk in a standard way ( that appears to be rather complicated if you are not a professional ) or use the specially developed Mac cleaning programs.

  1. Erase copies of mail enclosures.

It is most likely that you presently have all the significant attachments stored in a definite place within your hard drive so it is useless to store the mail attachments saved stored elsewhere. Saved enclosures require quite enough disk space to make it difficult for your Mac to keep on the level . To destroy these files , look for the Mail Downloads section and remove the files. Otherwise, in case you already use a Mac OS cleaner, just launch it.

  1. Detect copies in iTunes and iPhoto .

iTunes and iPhoto sections often contain copies of files . Concerning iTunes, it is easy to discover the copies using Options in case these files possess the identical track`s and artist`s name.

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Regarding iPhoto , discovering the duplicates of photos which are kept in different folders is almost the impossible task to do , apart from cases when you have   a high quality automatic cleaning solution . In any way , do everything in your power to get rid of the duplicate files; the process will make your content well organized and Mac quicker .

  1. Remove the broken files.

They can probably be : files damaged by viruses , broken files which won`t open , broken downloads, etc. Not taking their previous importance into account , the corrupted files are not effective anymore , so why keep them?

  1. Remove the temporary files .

All people who use a browser most probably have temporary Internet files kept on their computers .

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Removing the disk parts which have these files will produce a positive effect on the hard drive overall operation and, moreover , this procedure will help to get an extra space .

  1. Keep systematic.

Performing a Mac cleanup when it`s getting too bad is entirely wrong . There is an opinion provided by the designers of cleaning programs that a regular cleanup has to be completed every 7 days. Yet , it too much depends on what purposes you operate your Mac for and whether you are not careless . The most logical bit of advice will be “ to start cleaning as soon as it`s slower”. Some developed cleaning solutions allow users to track system operation, to identify aspects that need improvement beforehand, and to clean your Mac when the system needs it.

It is for sure that taking the provided steps is less complicated in case you take an automatic cleaner , but it is worth noting that not all the cleaners are alike .

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To get most from the cleanup and to gain the greatest Mac performance , it is better to limit your selection to highly trusted and experienced products , like CleanMyMac 3. Representing the third version of the most popular cleaning solution in the field , CleanMyMac 3 offers all the functions for quick and comfortable cleaning: it has to receive a How to Hide Files on a Mac least possible participation from the user; it is smart so it can define which files can be securely removed; and the program is easy to use .

If you know the price of your time and wouldn`t like to waste it on personal manual cleanup, try the trusted cleaner and enjoy the improved Mac.

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THE Very important Elements OF NARCISSISTIC Individuality DISORDER

THE Very important Elements OF NARCISSISTIC Individuality DISORDER

Essential options of any style dysfunction with the Diagnostic and Statistical Handbook of Psychological Problems IV (DSM-IV) typically are those people manifested by an snap right over here impairment of character and pathological style qualities. Continue reading

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THE Imperative Amenities OF NARCISSISTIC Individuality DISORDER

THE Imperative Amenities OF NARCISSISTIC Individuality DISORDER

Essential characteristics of any character disorder inside Diagnostic and Statistical Guide of Mental Conditions IV (DSM-IV) in general are individuals manifested by an impairment of identity and pathological style traits. Continue reading

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How to ensure your body is healthy

As you get older you find that everything takes more effort than it used to. Stairs that you used to leap up in seconds are now feeling like a strain on your joints and a small 12 hour flu a few years ago now lasts a week. Staying healthy is difficult enough as it is without the aging process making it even harder. So, for those of you that are feeling the aches and pains, here are a few tips for staying healthy as you get older:

Catch problems early

As you get older, little problems can suddenly become big problems if they’re not treated. We become more fragile and susceptible to complications as we age, so don’t ignore the subtle warning signs and problems that don’t seem serious at first. Varicose veins, for example, are a common problem amongst elderly women and normally only cause slight pain. However, varicose veins can cause blood clots in severe cases. So, consult your doctor if you have any concerns and look into varicose veins treatment if they become a problem.

Take precautions

Elder men and women may find that with age they sustain injuries a lot more easily than they used to and these injuries take longer to heal. It’s a side effect of aging that, regretfully, we can’t do much to prevent. However, what we can do is take extra precautions to ensure that we prevent some of the most common accidents. You don’t have to lock yourself indoors and wrap yourself in bubble wrap, but little changes could save your life in the future. Stairs, for example, are a common cause of accidents. Make sure that your stairs are in good condition (They’re not worn, slippery or unstable) and your banisters reach from the bottom to the top of the stairs and are strong enough to support your weight if you need to stop yourself from falling. Little things like this could be lifesavers, so take a look around your home for any repairs or replacements you’ve been ignoring.

Keep active

Light activity every day can improve your physical health a lot as you get older. Taking regular walks can prevent physical disability later in life and stretching can also prevent aches in your joints. The more you stay active the longer your body will last. The same thing can be said about our brains. By keeping your brain active with regular mental activity – puzzles, games, books and social interaction – the less likely you will be to have memory problems later on. Maintaining your body takes effort and time. The more effort you put into staying fit the more you’ll get out of it.

Emotional health

Our emotional health can have a surprisingly strong effect on our physical health. Stress, depression and anxiety are all things that can shorten our lifespans and degrade our quality of life. So, as you get older, make sure to maintain contact with people and take part in positive activities. Joining clubs and societies and doing volunteer work are a great way to socialise, stay positive and keep our brains active. It’s never too late to make friends or ask for help.

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Monica ASME award finalist for Fair essay on Clinton occasion

Oftentimes, people have totally inexpensive answers for why it’s hopeless for their sake to complete a class. This actually is maybe among the greatest persuasive essay topics for 5th level. If students succeed on college writing assignments, they need to succeed on this particular kind of test. Continue reading

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Helium Review Writing Assignment

Best ways to Write a motion picture Review

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How To Organize A History Research Paper

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Five Technical Searchengines You Have to Learn About

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To Put Windows Over A Macbook

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